In a statement issued by the US Mission in Abuja, the sum is to conduct a household survey to determine the extent of COVID-19 transmission in Gombe, Enugu, and Nasarawa states.
“The U.S. CDC is funding the full cost of the survey ($2.1 million) and providing technical assistance as part of the U.S. Government’s bilateral efforts to improve the health and well-being of the Nigerian people,” the statement partly read.
“The survey will estimate the proportion of the population in these states who have ever been infected with SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for COVID-19 disease.
“This will be accomplished by measuring the presence of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 in the blood of volunteers.
“These antibodies, specialized proteins produced by the immune system to fight infection, are generated as part of the body’s response to COVID-19 and are an indication of previous infection.”
The US said the survey would also estimate the proportion of people who have the disease but are not showing any symptoms, determine risk factors for infection, and measure the intra-household transmission of COVID-19.
It added that the survey would also estimate the prevalence of malaria and its potential relationship to SARS-CoV-2 infection.
While revealing that the CDC is working with the University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB), one of its implementing partners in Nigeria, the US pledged to provide technical assistance and oversee field implementation of the survey.
The survey, it noted, would be conducted between September and November with preliminary results expected to be released by December 2020.